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RST Ambiances - Fil des documents

Revue sur la recherche en architecture et urbanisme selon des approches basées sur le sensorium humai Voir les Non lu | Plus vieux en premier
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Atmospheres: Feeling Architecture by Emotions

RST Ambiances - Fil des documents par Elisabetta Canepa le 20/12/2019 à 01:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

What is architectural atmosphere? To answer this question, we propose a paradox: a precise definition of the inherently vague and ambiguous concept of atmosphere that satisfies, as so far as possible, scientific criteria and methodology. We suggest that the term atmosphere, understood in an architectural context, defines a state of resonance and identification (sensorimotor, emotive, and cognitive) between an individual and their surrounding built space. Human beings can empathise with inanimate rooms when they interiorly establish an embodied simulation of certain architectural features. Thus, atmospheres might be determined, mapped, and measured through quantitative methods tracing emotional, cognitive, and neurophysiological responses of individuals to spatial conditions.
The exploratory study illustrated attempts to test this hypothesis, by undertaking an experiment informed by phenomenological and embodied cognition theories. We analysed the spatial unit of the corridor, altered...

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Eyes that hear. The synesthetic representation of soundspace through architectural photography

RST Ambiances - Fil des documents par Elisa Morselli le 20/12/2019 à 01:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

This paper investigates the representation of sound phenomena in contemporary architectural photography. This aspect will be highlighted through a phenomenological analysis conducted on the photographs of the Elbphilharmonie Hamburg, designed by Swiss architecture firm Herzog & de Meuron. Focusing our analysis on the aesthetic features of photographs, the aim of stimulating the audience sensorially and emotionally becomes evident. We usually only focus on visual aspects, neglecting the synesthetic effects generated on the observers. Starting from an analysis of the portrayed persons in terms of expressions, gestures, postures and corporeal directions, the goal is to highlight how they change in relation to the building's sound space, and, as a consequence how they are able to influence the perceiver outside the frame. The interpretation of these clues is based on Herman Schmitz's felt body theory and Gernot Böhme's New Aesthetics.

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TerriStories. Literary Tools for Capturing Atmosphere in Architectural Pedagogy

RST Ambiances - Fil des documents par Klaske Havik le 20/12/2019 à 01:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

By recognizing the potential of literary language in the description of architectural atmospheres, this contribution aims to confront the shortcomings of conventional pedagogical approaches in architecture that often fail to provide an in-depth understanding of the experiential aspects of place. To contribute to the development of appropriate instruments of analysis and design to read and describe urban atmosphere, this article combines two main insights: first, that it is of crucial importance to investigate site-specific atmospheres to understand how people experience the urban territories they use or inhabit; and second, that it is through literary devices that atmospheres can be read and described. By bringing together these insights, this article aims to propose pedagogical exercises that help students of architecture to develop a better understanding of the experiential aspects of site-specificity. By adding to the conventional tools of architect and planners a set of tools in...

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How atmospheres inform urban planning practice – insights from the Tempelhof airfield in Berlin

RST Ambiances - Fil des documents par Ulrike Mackrodt le 20/12/2019 à 01:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

The fundamental subject matter of urban planning is urban space. However, this fact is rarely reflected in planning theory. Instead of dealing with the everyday use of urban space and its atmospheric perception, planning discourse is dominated by theories of action, which primarily focus on communication processes within planning practice. The role of urban space within these planning negotiations is often overlooked. By disregarding the feeling and sensing body/subject as being the base of any perception – including those of planning professionals – planning discourse has left out the chances of a more comprehensive understanding of how planning decisions occur. The article aims to fill this epistemological gap by applying the concept of atmospheres to the case study of the planning process for the former inner-city airfield Tempelhof in Berlin. Thereby it becomes possible to consider the impact of the – borrowing Gernot Böhme’s terminology – ‘unobtrusive obtrusiveness’ of atmosphe...

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Phenomenographies: describing the plurality of atmospheric worlds

RST Ambiances - Fil des documents par Federico De Matteis le 20/12/2019 à 01:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

In recent years, the theory of atmospheres has extended beyond phenomenology and aesthetics, informing a wide variety of descriptive practices in the humanities. Diverse scholarly fields such as anthropology and architecture, musicology and art criticism now include the notion of atmospheric space in their methodological toolkits. The descriptive practices of lived space, however, entail several theoretical questions, concerning the potential and limits of giving voice to first-person experience. In the introductory essay of the 2019 special issue of Ambiances, we address the methodological perspectives emerging from the articles and discuss several question concerning the theory of atmospheres and the practices aimed at describing them.

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Atmospheres in Urban Light

RST Ambiances - Fil des documents par Shanti Sumartojo le 20/12/2019 à 01:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

Inescapably spatial and located in experience, understanding atmospheres and their impact means close empirical attention to how they arise and are constituted, how they impress upon us, how they circulate and are shared, and what configures to make them feel differently for diverse people. In this article, we advance a dialogic autoethnographic methodology for attuning to, exploring and understanding atmospheres that accounts for them as they arise in the ongoing flow of experience of light. In this ethnographic approach, we research in atmospheres – that is, in the ongoing flow and change of shifting impressions and feelings constituted spatially by a multiplicity of elements. Taking a ‘light walk’ through inner city Melbourne as our example, we interrogate our experience of atmospheres in light, and also address how they might be purposefully constituted or designed.

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Depicting Berlin’s Atmospheres: Phenomenographic Sketches

RST Ambiances - Fil des documents par Maxime Le Calvé le 20/12/2019 à 01:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

This article proposes an ethno-phenomenographic record combining writing and drawing. It examines a few contemporary atmospheres of the city of Berlin. We describe a selection of specific situations from the angle of sensorial experience and contextualize them with sociological, geographical and historical elements. Tackling some atmospheres characteristic of a city at a certain period of its history is not the same as trying to grasp the ways of living in it; therefore, our approach is neither sociological nor geographical per se. Elaborating on four specific cases and reflecting from our own perspectives, we will examine the hypothesis of a fragmentation of Berlin’s atmospheres, exploring the ambivalent meanings of such assessment. The method is ethnographic: we base our descriptions on direct observation and we confront our respective experiences in places physically circumscribed by architecture and urban forms, interspersed with multiple presences and interactions during the ob...

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Into the sensory world

RST Ambiances - Fil des documents par Jean-Paul Thibaud le 22/07/2019 à 02:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

The launch of the Ambiances Review marks an important step in the recognition of the sensory world as a field of pluridisciplinary research, as a present issue for architectural and urban design, and as an arena for artistic experimentation and creation. Its goals are ambitious and there will be plenty to do for all those with an interest in the sensory environment of inhabited space.

This first issue reflects the scale of our task, such is the diversity and variety of frames of thinking displayed here, of possible prospects for this subject and the many study projects set in motion. You may read here a proposal for a new aesthetic of atmospheres, a piece on the sensory ethnographics of a public space in Paris, an attempt to characterize urban space in the light of various forms of pedestrian mobility, an attentive reading of a narrative of insular ambiances, and the phenomenal description of a gated community in Cairo. Furthermore, a critique of two books on the sensory city marks t...

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Ouverture au monde sensible

RST Ambiances - Fil des documents par Jean-Paul Thibaud le 22/07/2019 à 02:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

L’ouverture de la Revue Ambiances marque une étape importante dans la reconnaissance du monde sensible comme domaine de recherche pluridisciplinaire, comme enjeu actuel de conception architecturale et urbaine, et comme terrain d’expérimentation et de création artistique. L’objectif est de taille et les travaux ne manquent pas qui s’intéressent à l’environnement sensoriel des espaces habités.

Ce numéro d’ouverture en témoigne tant sont divers et variés les cadres de pensée mobilisés, les perspectives possibles en la matière, les objets d’étude mis en chantier. Ainsi peut-on y lire la proposition d’une esthétique des atmosphères, l’ethnographie sensible d’un espace public parisien, une caractérisation de l’espace urbain à l’aune des mobilités pédestres, la lecture attentive d’une mise en récit des ambiances insulaires, la description phénoménale d’une gated community cairote… De plus, le compte-rendu de deux ouvrages traitant de la ville sensible amorce une autre rubrique de la revue.

A...

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Urban Atmospheres

RST Ambiances - Fil des documents par Niels Albertsen le 03/06/2019 à 02:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

Gernot Böhme proposes the concept of atmosphere as the basic concept of a new aesthetics without a point of departure in art. This article speculates on some possible urban implications of this concept. To start with, I present various ontological and epistemological aspects of the concept and specify some atmospheric dimensions of art and architecture. Then, I discuss Georg Simmel’s concept of landscape, which seems to refuse the presence of atmosphere in the metropolis, as an overture to the next section on urban atmospheres. Urban atmospheres are multi-sensorial and demonstrate considerable variation from densely built inner-city areas to the modern spaces of urban sprawl. Mobility is a significant factor in relation to modern urban regions, the atmosphere of which might be thought of as a picturesque landscape for cyborgs. Urban communities may be of a primarily atmospheric kind. The historical city may have an atmosphere of age that can be sensed without much historical knowled...