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Articulo - Journal of Urban Research - Documents

Articulo – Journal of Urban Research is a peer-reviewed online journal devoted to the exploration of urban issues through the lens of a wide range of social science approaches. The Journal embraces a multidisciplinary perspective on the transformation of social, environmental and economic issues of cities and city regions. Publishing both theoretical and empirical articles, the Journal is an international forum that brings together academics and practitioners working on urban issues in cities around the world to present ground breaking and relevant research. Voir les Non lu | Plus vieux en premier
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The production of maquiladora space in Motul, Mexico: from henequen municipality to industrial city

Articulo - Journal of Urban Research - Documents par Claudia Fonseca Alfaro le 25/02/2021 à 01:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

At the intersection of commodity chains and urban research, this paper engages with Bair and Werner’s “disarticulations perspective” through a conversation with Lefebvre’s “production of space.” I argue that this mix can provide a stronger theoretical lens to explore social differentiation, accumulation by dispossession, and uneven development and with this, shed more light on how the uneven geographies of global capitalism are created and reproduced. I develop my argument fixed analytically in Motul, in the southeastern Mexican state of Yucatán, as I explore the changes that the city experienced in the midst of a maquiladora boom-to-bust cycle. Maquiladoras—a type of Export Processing Zone that were meant to replace the state’s dying agro-based economy—arrived to the region in the 1980s and grew exponentially between the 1990s-2000s. With a historical approach, I draw on discourse analysis and ethnography-inspired fieldwork to unpack how the production of maquiladora space—in the f...

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Meal delivery logistics and the agencies of distribution in urban economies of food provision in the UK

Articulo - Journal of Urban Research - Documents par Lizzie Richardson le 25/02/2021 à 01:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

Newcastle-upon-Tyne has recently seen an expansion in takeaway prepared food thanks to the meal delivery service provided through companies such as Deliveroo. These companies have what they call a “technology platform” that enables customers in certain urban areas to order and purchase a meal which is delivered to their location, usually within thirty minutes. Although a seemingly mundane moment of consumption, the processes underpinning this act compose a distinctly urban manifestation of the broader logistical logics of contemporary capitalism. Delivering a prepared meal from a restaurant to its nearby site of ingestion in the city is symptomatic of the role of logistics in valuation, through achieving the right place at the right time for a given commodity. Such logistics require the emergence of new urban infrastructure and the reconfiguration of existing components through the combination of the technology platform, the restaurant collection point and rider-deliverybox-vehicle ...

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Urbanism as Myth and Ceremony

Articulo - Journal of Urban Research - Documents par Víctor Muñoz Sanz le 25/02/2021 à 01:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

Between 1929 and 1935, the Bata Shoe Company planned the construction of a series of modern industrial satellite towns in Europe, Asia, and America. By 1935, however, their development was far from advanced, and their original town plans, following a modernist grid, had been replaced with new ones, based on garden city ideas. A transnational explanation of the conditions that complicated their construction and motivated changes in their design remains as a gap in the existing literature on the Bata Shoe Company. The conceptual framework of sociological institutionalism is used to study how questions of meaning and social legitimacy influenced the design and construction of Bata’s industrial towns in the 1930s. The methodology employed involved the triangulation of the study of secondary sources and research into Bata’s archives, with the analysis of how the urban form of the towns changed through time. The research reveals the institutionalization of ideas on urban planning and arch...

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Second-hand shoe circulations in Tunis

Articulo - Journal of Urban Research - Documents par Katharina Grüneisl le 25/02/2021 à 01:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

Research on the second-hand clothes trade has focused on global value chains and transnational circulations from the Global North to the Global South. This article instead investigates the circulation of a ubiquitous and highly popular second-hand commodity, namely shoes, in the Tunisian capital city Tunis. The second-hand materials – referred to as “fripe” in Tunisia – that arrive in the Tunis cargo port have been donated or discarded in their countries of origin and their commodity value is thus uncertain. In addition, second-hand shoes are officially banned from sale on the Tunisian market. In order to explain how fripe shoes are nevertheless transferred into new commodity situations in Tunis, this article hones in on processes of valuation at the urban scale. Three locations that feature prominently in the urban trajectory of second-hand shoes – a sorting factory, the wholesale quarter, and a specialised market street – are examined as distinct sites for valuation that enable th...

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Globalizing urban research, grounding global production networks

Articulo - Journal of Urban Research - Documents par Anke Hagemann le 25/02/2021 à 01:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

Geographically dispersed networks of production interact with urban economic development and contribute to shape the built environment and urbanization processes all over the world. However, the global manufacturing of goods and their circulation have not yet been given adequate attention in the field of urban research. This article charts a research framework to study the interplay between urban spaces and globalized industrial production. We argue that a relational perspective on multi-local economic processes as provided by commodity chain approaches, specifically the Global Production Networks (GPN) framework, ought to be integrated into urban research in order to grasp the driving forces and the transnational character of urban development in places of industrial production. In the first section of the article, we discuss the conceptual base and benefits of integrating the GPN approach with an urban research perspective centred on the analysis of the built environment. In the s...

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Small commodities, big infrastructure

Articulo - Journal of Urban Research - Documents par Laura Henneke le 25/02/2021 à 01:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

The landlocked city of Yiwu in Zhejiang Province, China is considered to be the world’s biggest wholesale market for small commodities where low cost consumer goods such as kitchenware, toys, and electronics are traded in bulk before being retailed in (pound)shops around the world. Linked to the rest of the world through a multimodal transport network, Yiwu lies on the ‘backroads of globalisation’ along which minor, low-grade, low-value products travel (Knowles 2014). Building on work by social scientists who question the entanglement of state power, physical infrastructures, and people, this visual essay uses the theoretical lens of infrastructures as well as the lens of cameras to investigate the interdependence of Yiwu’s wholesale and logistics infrastructure and the individuals who work in them to facilitate the global trade of small commodities.

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Commodity Flows and Urban Spaces. An Introduction.

Articulo - Journal of Urban Research - Documents par Elke Beyer le 25/02/2021 à 01:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

Contemporary production of urban space is increasingly shaped by the circulation of people, information, money and goods across the planet. Urbanization cannot be adequately understood without considering the relatedness of places on multiple scales. The extent to which global connectedness, and its lack or failure, defines everyday life and economic activity in almost any corner of the world, has been put in very sharp focus by the repercussions of the lockdown measures to contain the covid19 pandemic at the time of writing. While the mobility of people and the networks channeling flows of information and financial capital have received much attention in urban studies in the past decades, surprisingly a blind spot of relational urban research persists regarding the interaction of urban spaces with global systems of manufacturing and distributing goods (Krätke et al. 2012, Robinson 2011, Brown et al. 2010). By addressing this theoretical and empirical knowledge gap, we aim to initia...

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Closing of the Varia section

Articulo - Journal of Urban Research - Documents le 30/09/2020 à 02:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

In order to focus on the publication of its thematic issues, the editorial board of Articulo – Journal of Urban Research as decided to close the varia section with immediate effect.

The editors

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Articulo –Journal of Urban Research welcomes a new editor on board

Articulo - Journal of Urban Research - Documents le 30/09/2020 à 02:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

In September 2020, a new editor joined AJUR’s board. We would like to give a warm welcome to Raphaël Languillon.

Geographer, specialized in urban studies and planning, Raphaël is a lecturer at the University of Geneva (Switzerland), and a researcher at the Institute of Environment Governance and Territorial Development. Expert in political economy of urban phenomenon, he analyzes the evolution of the relations between capitalist regimes and urbanization dynamics, as well as contemporary urban changes, such as smart cities, urban aging, verticalization, or big events (Olympic and Paralympic games), especially in Pacific Asia and Europe.

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Meia-água: producing space and kinship in an irregular housing subdivision in Rio de Janeiro

Articulo - Journal of Urban Research - Documents par Thomas Cortado le 04/03/2020 à 01:00:00 - Favoriser ||  (Lu/Non lu)

As owners of a land plot, the poor families living in Rio de Janeiro’s loteamentos periféricos (“peripheral housing subdivisions”) have evolved their own unique ways of using their land, often with scant regard for building regulations. This is the case of the meia-água, a rectangular single-story backyard construction with a mono-pitched roof. At first sight, it seems people build meia-águas simply as a means to lower construction costs, but in doing so, they offer an insight into the socio-spatial hierarchies and kinship dynamics that shape the production of space. Thus, as the family move from the meia-água at the rear to the true house at the front of the plot, the former may be abandoned completely, turned into a workshop for small-scale economic activities, or provide a means to divide the land. People would also allow their married children and ageing parents to build or occupy meia-águas, so that they can take care of one another without compromising each other’s privacy. In...